Johnson & Johnson Consumer Inc. (JJCI) is voluntarily recalling all lots of five NEUTROGENA® and AVEENO® aerosol sunscreen product lines to the consumer level. Internal testing identified low levels of benzene in some samples of the products. Consumers should stop using the affected products and follow the instructions set forth below.
While benzene is not an ingredient in any of our sunscreen products, it was detected in some samples of the impacted aerosol sunscreen finished products. We are investigating the cause of this issue, which is limited to certain aerosol sunscreen products.
Sunscreen use is critical to public health. Melanoma incidences continue to increase worldwide, and the majority of cases are caused by excessive sun exposure. It is important that people everywhere continue to take appropriate sun protection measures, including the continued use of alternative sunscreen.
Consumers should stop using these specific products and appropriately discard them. Consumers may contact the JJCI Consumer Care Center 24/7 with questions or to request a refund by calling 1-800-458-1673. Consumers should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have any questions, concerns or have experienced any problems related to using these aerosol sunscreen products. JJCI is also notifying its distributors and retailers by letter and is arranging for returns of all recalled products.
Sunscreen agents are used to prevent sunburn. Limiting your exposure to the sun and using sunscreen agents when in the sun may help prevent early wrinkling of the skin and skin cancer. There are two kinds of sunscreen agents: chemical and physical. Chemical sunscreen agents protect you from the sun by absorbing the ultraviolet (UV) and visible sun rays, while physical sunscreen agents reflect, scatter, absorb, or block these rays.
Sunscreen agents often contain more than one ingredient. For example, products may contain one ingredient that provides protection against the ultraviolet A (UVA) sun rays and another ingredient that protects you from the ultraviolet B (UVB) sun rays, which are more likely to cause sunburn than the UVA sun rays. Ideally, coverage should include protection against both UVA and UVB sun rays.
The sun protection factor (SPF) that you find on the label of these products tells you the minimum amount of UVB sunlight that is needed with that product to produce redness on sunscreen-protected skin as compared with unprotected skin. Sunscreen products with high SPFs will provide more protection against the sun.
However, for some people, applying certain types of sunscreen can also cause a skin allergy. Sunscreen allergies tend to be uncommon, according to Joshua Zeichner, MD, the director of cosmetic and clinical research in the dermatology department at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, but if you're prone to skin allergies or concerned that sunscreen is irritating your skin, here's what to do.
Chemical sunscreens are carbon-based compounds, also known as organic molecules, explains Dr. Zeichner. They protect the skin from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light by absorbing the energy and preventing it from passing through. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, the chemical sunscreen ingredients that have been found to most commonly cause allergic reactions in the skin are oxybenzone (benzophenone-3), dibenzoylmethanes, cinnamates, and benzophenones. Other ingredients like PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) have also been shown to cause allergic reactions but are rarely used in sunscreen in the United States.
There are two ways a sunscreen allergy generally appears: as a contact allergy or contact photoallergy, according to Anna Feldweg, MD, an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and an attending physician in allergy and immunology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston.
With contact allergies, Dr. Feldweg explains, "You get a rash where the product is applied." But in a contact photoallergy, the reaction is due to an interaction between sunscreen chemicals and sunlight, "so you get the rash where the sunscreen was applied but only once the skin has been exposed to the sun," she says.
A sunscreen allergy may appear when you first start using a sunscreen, or it can develop after years of sunscreen use. You might experience an allergic reaction immediately or several days after applying the sunscreen.
Patch testing is a process during which specific ingredients are applied to the skin and left in place for 48 hours to determine whether you develop an allergic reaction, explains Zeichner. You can do a patch test at home by applying sunscreen to a small area of skin to make sure you do not develop a reaction.
If you develop a sunscreen allergy, immediately clean your skin, says Zeichner. If necessary, you can use over-the-counter 1 percent hydrocortisone to calm the inflammation (in less severe cases, you can just leave it alone or apply a bland moisturizer, he adds). Stay out of the sun until your skin has healed, as sun exposure can exacerbate an existing allergic reaction, says Zeichner. This may take a few days.
A preliminary study published in May 2019 in JAMA showed that chemical sunscreen ingredients are absorbed through the skin, producing blood concentrations that surpass the threshold established by the Food and Drug Administration. But the study authors conclude that additional research is needed to determine the effects of absorption of sunscreen ingredients into the bloodstream and warn that people should continue to wear sunscreen.
Babies under 6 months should generally be kept in the shade and out of direct sunlight, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). They should also be dressed in protective clothing, such as lightweight items that protect their entire arms and legs, plus a hat. Although you should minimize sunscreen use on children under 6 months, it's okay to apply a small amount when you can't keep baby out of the sun, says the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Use sunscreen with a minimum SPF 30, as the AAD recommends, to the face, back of the hands and tops of the feet. For babies older than 6 months, you should apply sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more all over their body.
Ahead, we've covered some of the most common questions about applying baby sunscreen, plus factors to consider when deciding which one to purchase. Finally, we've included the best baby sunscreens, with suggestions from experts, What to Expect editors and parents.
Yes, you can apply sunscreen to babies younger than 6 months old, but you'll want to use it in minimal quantities. As mentioned previously, the AAP recommends that you only use sunscreen on small areas of their body, like your little one's face or the tops of their hands and feet. In general, keep babies under 6 months out of the sun and use protective lightweight clothing to cover their skin, including long sleeve shirts, pants and hats. Additionally, you want to avoid putting sunscreen on parts of her body that baby often puts in her mouth.
If you're using a chemical sunscreen, you'll want to apply it 15 to 30 minutes before going in the sun so her skin can absorb it. Mineral sunscreen, however, starts working immediately since it doesn't need to be absorbed. As for reapplying baby's sunblock, you should do so every two hours that you're outside, plus immediately after getting wet or towel drying, according to the AAP.
To choose the best baby sunscreen, we looked to the millions of members of the What to Expect community to find products they have tried and loved for their own babies. We also spoke with What to Expect staff members to get their opinions on favorite sunscreens they used for their own children.
Reviewers rave about this creamy, lightweight sunscreen with 20 percent zinc oxide from Sun Bum's baby line, Baby Bum. The compliments that come up over and over again? How well it works on sensitive skin types and how quickly the formula absorbs into their little one's skin. It's hypoallergenic and made with a natural, vegan formula that consists of ingredients like coconut oil and shea and cocoa butter to moisturize her skin, too.
Neutrogena Pure & Free gives you much more than you'd expect for a sunscreen you can grab at your local drugstore. The main active ingredient is zinc oxide, so it's a great mineral sunscreen that you can buy at a more affordable price point. As a mineral formula, it'll create a natural physical barrier between baby's skin and the sun's harsh UV rays. And, if you're looking for a sunscreen for babies with sensitive skin, you'll like that it also received a Seal of Acceptance from the National Eczema Association. This means that this Neutrogena baby sunscreen has been evaluated and determined to be free from ingredients that would aggravate the skin of someone who suffers from eczema or who has sensitive skin.
Stephanie Porter, creative director with What to Expect, says the Blue Lizard Australian Sunscreen also goes on easily, which has helped her when it comes to getting sunblock on both of her kids. "It goes on smoother than other mineral sunscreens I had tried," she says. "Spreading goopy sunscreen on wriggly kids who are excited to get out into the sun is a pain. It's challenging for me with two since whoever goes second has to wait." Smooth application is at the top of her list behind protection when buying sunscreen, so the mineral formula plus easy application made this the right pick for her entire family. It's also water-resistant for up to 40 minutes, so your kids can enjoy plenty of time in the water before having to reapply.
When you're slathering sunscreen on baby all day long, you want to make sure it's something that not only prevents sun damage, but moisturizes her skin as well. The Pipette Mineral Sunscreen contains sugarcane-derived squalane that makes it so it goes on smooth and will actually moisturize baby's skin. Unlike many mineral-based options, it's surprisingly lightweight while still providing a physical barrier around your little one's delicate skin. It also absorbs quickly, so your child isn't left with a white cast on her skin. 781b155fdc